It took around a century and a half for Nokia to evolve from an ordinary riverside paper mill to a global telecommunication leader serving over 1.3 billion customers across the globe. During this period, Nokia has dealt with almost everything – from manufacturing rubber boots to generating electricity, and there was a time when the company also manufactured TVs. So, how did all of this begin? Let’s go back in time and find out.
In 1865, Fredick Idestam, a milling engineer set up the first paper mill in south-western Finland. The mill produced paper products that were initially exported to Great Britain and Russia. Later, in the early 20th century, the company started designing wheel-frames for wheel chairs and rubber tyres. Though rare, you can still find bicycle tyres with the name ‘Nokia’ printed on them.
The mobile giant that you know off today was formed in 1967, and this laid a strong foundation for modern technology companies. It was in 1981 that Scandinavia got its first mobile network called the NMT (Nordic Mobile Technology).
The initial production of Nokia devices was only limited to a few countries such as Finland, Germany, Brazil, China, Mexico, England, United States, Italy and Hungary. Later as the business expanded, the company had no other option but to hire over 50,000 employees in 2004. In 2007, Nokia joined hands with Siemens, thereby giving rise to ‘Nokia Siemens Networks’ which turned out to be the third largest telecommunication provider on the planet.
Finally, in 2011, Nokia announced smart phones that would be made available with Microsoft’s Windows Phone Operating System, which was sighted as a major leap in the company’s success. And if you are wondering where the popular Nokia ringtone came from, it basically derived from a guitar piece call ‘Gran Vals’ played by a renowned Spanish musician ‘Francisco Tarrengo’.