4 Must Have Filters for Photography…

4 Must Have Filters for Photography…

4 Must Have Filters for Photography…

by July 21, 2014 0 comments

Camera filters are additional accessories attached to the lenses and the primary function of these  filters are to modify and enhance your images while they are being captured. Filters are of many types and the usage of these depends on different type of photography. But the huge photo editing software market has considerably reduced the usage of camera filters these days. Nevertheless, there are still photographers who use a few camera filters which we will be talking about today.

UV Filter – UV filter is one of the most basic and commonly used filters by all photographers. Be it an amateur or a professional, having a UV filter is a must. The basic function of this filter is to block the Ultraviolet rays coming from a strong source of ambient light. However these rays do not have any effect on your camera, but it does have an effect on your image that is, it develops a blue hue over your images. An UV filter also cuts down the moisture, haze or fog and helps your photographs to come out well. Apart from these core functions of UV filter, it also protects your lenses from dust, scratches, and fingerprints. Using an UV filter does not affect your camera settings, therefore not affecting the exposure of your image.

1. UV Filter

Photo Source: Google

Polarizing Filter – The main function of Polarizing Filter is to manage the glare which you can see on water, glass or any kind of object which can cause reflection. For example, reflection of clouds on the surface of a pond or a lake can be avoided with this filter. Apart from this primary function, it can also intensify colours and make it more vibrant and alive. For example, the colour of the sky changes phenomenally when you click it with a polarizing filter and on the other hand it also gives the clouds a dramatic look by giving it more contrast. Another example would be the difference in the greenery of plants and trees which you can notice and distinguish while using a Polarizing Filter. Hence, this filter is very useful and a must if you are a Landscape photographer, as it completely changes the way your camera perceives light and colours.

Now, there are two types of polarizing filters. One is Linear and the other is Circular. Linear Polarizing Filter is used for Manual Focus (MF) cameras and Circular Polarizing Filter is used for Auto Focus (AF) Cameras. These days Circular Polarizing Filter is mainly used for all modern AF cameras.

2. Polarizing 1

Image Source: Google 

The reflection of clouds is completely avoided with the use of Polarizing Filter in the right hand side picture.

3. Polarizing 2

Image Source: Google

Much more blue sky and dramatic clouds can be obtained with the used of Polarizing Filter.

4. Polarizing 3

Image Source: Google

Polarizing Filter makes the plants look greener and vibrant. You can also notice the difference in the water. 

Neutral Density Filter (ND Filter) – Neutral Density Filter allows you to acquire amazing results during bright sunny situation with long shutter speed. For example, to get a dreamy waterfall effect, you can use an ND filter to balance out the bright light while you are on a long shutter speed. Usually
when you click an image with long shutter speed during the day time, you normally get an overly exposed image. This situation can be avoided by using a good ND filter. Also, it can be used to get the desired blur behind your subject while you are on smaller f numbers which again sometimes give you an overly exposed image when clicked without an ND Filter.

5. ND Filter

Image Source: Google

Graduated ND Filter – If you are finding a tough time to even out the exposure caused due to bright light and shadow in your Landscape image, then ND filter is the one for you. This is a very essential filter for a Landscape photographer. It basically has two tones. The top of the filter is denser than the bottom. The Light is let to pass less on the top and more at the bottom which helps you to get a perfectly lit landscape image. During landscape photography the sky at the top tend to look very bright due to the harsh sunlight and the mountains or the ground at the bottom look dark due to the shadows; therefore to balance out the exposure a graduated ND filter is used.

6. Graduated ND Filter

Image Source: Google

The usage of above mentioned filters may be different for different photographers. The basic functions of these filters are explained above, but the application of these filters in various fields of photography depends upon your creative skills. Apart from these fabulous filters, there are few more which are available in the market. Like Special effects Filter, Colour Enhancement Filter, Colour Conversion Filter etc.

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